In the first two months of the fiscal year (July and August), the caretaker government took out loans of $820 million.

With the new Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf government in power, the borrowing continued. The government borrowed over $760.4 million during the months of September and October.

$320 million were borrowed from commercial banks, $230 million from China and $70 million from Islamic Development Bank.

Overall, the government is expected to borrow close to over $9.69 billion during the 2019 fiscal year.