SUNDAY TIMES WEB DESK: In a speech at the American University in Cairo, Pompeo dispensed with a US diplomatic tradition of avoiding public airing abroad of domestic disputes by blasting Obama at the site of a landmark 2009 speech by Trump’s predecessor aimed at improving relations with the Islamic world.

Pompeo presented America as “a force for good in the Middle East” and suggested Obama saw the United States as “a force for what ails the Middle East.” The address by the chief American diplomat drew criticism from former US officials and analysts who accused him of misreading history and camouflaging Trump’s own desire to reduce US commitments in the region.

Among other things, Pompeo accused Obama of underestimating “the tenacity and viciousness” of terrorism, of failing to adequately support the 2009 “Green Movement” mass protests against a disputed election in Iran, and faulted him for not bombing Syria in retaliation for the use of chemical weapons by government forces in its civil war.

“What did we learn from all of this? We learned that when America retreats, chaos often follows. When we neglect our friends, resentment builds. And when we partner with our enemies, they advance,” Pompeo said.

Pompeo did not mention Obama by name but called him “another American” who had also given a speech in the capital of the Arab world’s most populous nation.

Pompeo is touring the region to try to explain US strategy after Trump’s surprise announcement last month of an abrupt withdrawal of all 2,000 US troops from Syria, which rattled allies and shocked top US officials, prompting US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis to resign.

It is highly unusual for an American secretary of state to deliver a speech in a foreign capital directly attacking a former US president. Trump has reversed Obama’s policies on international issues such as the Iran nuclear deal, trade agreements and the Paris climate change accord as well as a host of domestic policies.

Pompeo also sought to reassure allies that Washington remains committed to the “complete dismantling” of the threat posed by Daesh despite Trump’s decision to withdraw troops from Syria.

Pompeo faulted what he called Obama’s “desire for peace at any cost” that led him to strike the 2015 nuclear deal under which Iran agreed to curtail its nuclear weapons program in exchange for easing of international economic sanctions.

Trump, this year, abandoned that deal, pursuing instead what his administration calls a policy of “maximum pressure” on Iran to try to force it to limit its nuclear program, curtail its ballistic missile activities and cease supporting proxy forces in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Lebanon.

Many people in the Middle East are likely to disagree with Pompeo’s assertion that the United States is a force for good in the region. Policies such as US support for Israel, the American-backed 1953 coup that overthrew Iran’s popular Prime Minister Mohammed Mossadegh and the 2003 US invasion of Iraq to topple President Saddam Hussein remain deeply controversial in the region.